Goreme National Park
Culture & History

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Our most recommended Goreme National Park Culture & History

Cappadocia: Full-Day Private Tour

1. Cappadocia: Full-Day Private Tour

Get picked-up from your hotel. First, enjoy a panoramic view of Göreme and marvel at some of the best views in the region. Your guide will have plenty of knowledge to offer you about your surroundings. Afterwards, visit Underground City which is the biggest and deepest underground settlement. It has 8 levels connected with narrow tunnels. You will visit stalls, stores, churches, wineries, kitchens and the other sections which are open for visitors. While you are visiting the sections, your guide will complement the experience with their expert knowledge. Next, enjoy a local lunch in an authentic restaurant. After, visit Pigeon Valley which is located in Uçhisar town and offers another spectacular panoramic view. The next destination is Goreme Open Air Museum, where you can see rock-cut churches carved by early Christian monks. Your guide will give you information about Christianity and the Monastic Life of Cappadocia. The next stop will be Çavuşin, which is the Old Greek Village, abandoned after Population Exchange in 192. This town is located on the banks of the Red River which is the longest river in Turkey. It is famous for its pottery which started around the 2nd millennium B.C by Hittites. You will have a tour of the town and then visit a pottery workshop and learn about red clay work and ceramics. One of the masters of the discipline will even demonstrate the ancient free-hand technique that has been used throughout history. Then visit Paşabağı where spectacular mushroom-shaped rock formations can be seen. Paşabağı is also called Monks Valley because of the Chapel of Saint Simeon which is located in the valley. The next stop is Devrent Valley, which is also known as İmagination Valley. The valley contains curious red rocks, some of which resemble animal forms: a camel, a lizard, an owl, a snake, a chicken and a penguin.

Göreme: Small Group Full-Day Cappadocia Red Tour

2. Göreme: Small Group Full-Day Cappadocia Red Tour

Enjoy breakfast at your hotel or in the town before starting your full-day Cappadocia small-group city tour. You will be picked up from your hotel at 10 AM. Start the day visiting Devrent Valley, also known as the “Imagination Valley,” a most surreal-looking landscape. Your next stop will be Pashabagi also known as the Monks Valley because Christian hermits chose to locate hermit cells and churches in these three-headed pinnacles symbolic of the Holy Trinity. It will be possible to see all the stages in the formation of fairy chimneys at this spot.  Then proceed to Avanos (Venessa), the pottery center of Cappadocia. This village is set on the banks of the Kizilirmak/ Red River. The river gets its name from the red clay it deposits. You can watch the potters at work using kick wheels, the technique which has remained unchanged for generations. You will have lunch in a local restaurant before continuing to Göreme Open Air Museum. The world’s most important Byzantine cave churches are found in these once remote valleys where monks and nuns pursued monastic life from the 3rd century on. Here, you will be able to see the best-preserved Byzantine cave wall paintings and frescos from the Iconoclastic period through to the end of Seljuk rule. Icons with scenes from the Old Testament and the New Testament above portraits of church fathers and saints depict the structure of the Byzantine universe. See the panoramic viewpoint of Esentepe. With a spectacular view over Göreme, see the complete view of Göreme Valley and Göreme village complete with fairy chimneys, rock formations, and cave houses. End your day at Uchisar Castle on a tall rock, the highest point in the Göreme region. After the tour, you will return to your hotel.

From Istanbul: 2-Day All-Inclusive Trip to Cappadocia

3. From Istanbul: 2-Day All-Inclusive Trip to Cappadocia

Get an insider’s view of Cappadocia’s most iconic spots on an all-inclusive trip from Istanbul. Float above volcanic spires and honeycombed hills on a hot air balloon. Be accompanied by a guide to Goreme Open Air Museum, Avanos, Pasabag, Uchisar, and Kaymakli Underground City, and more. Day 1 Depart from your hotel in an air-conditioned minivan and make your way to Istanbul airport. Catch your domestic flight to Cappadocia. Upon your arrival to Cappadocia, meet your guide and begin your tour of North Cappadocia. Walk in the land of fairy chimneys. Visit Goreme Open Air Museum, Red River, Devrent Valley, and Pasabag. Make your way to Avanos Village for a traditional lunch and pottery demonstration. Get to the top of the Uchisar Castle, the highest point of the region, a perfect vantage point for a panoramic view of the stunning Cappadocian landscape. After sightseeing, be driven to your hotel. Spend the night in Cappadocia. Day 2 You can opt to join a balloon flight in the morning. Your day tour will be organized according to the balloon flight hours. After breakfast at the hotel, embark on a full-day tour of South Cappadocia. Go off the beaten path to visit Cavusin. See its famous rock churches. Head to Goreme Panorama for views of fairy chimneys. Hike in the Red Valley. Visit Old Greek Love Valley, Kaymakli Underground City, and Pigeon Valley. Walk through a picturesque maze of rock formations. Witness an onyx demonstration by local experts. Savor a typical Turkish lunch. Conclude the day tour by 5 PM. Then, be driven to Kayseri Airport for your domestic flight to Istanbul. Upon arrival, you will be greeted by your driver and taken to your hotel.

Göreme: South Cappadocia Highlights Tour with Lunch

4. Göreme: South Cappadocia Highlights Tour with Lunch

Discover Cappadocia's Southern region on a full-day guided tour that includes lunch. Travel through the fairy chimneys of Ortahisar, explore the rock-cut churches of Rose and Red Valley, marvel at the cave houses of Çavuşin, and visit an ancient multi-level underground city. Start the tour with Ortahisar, an old Cappadocian town famous for its rock warehouses carved into the valley slopes, also called citrus warehouses in Southern Anatolia. See the Ortahisar castle, the largest fairy chimney in the region, and learn about its history from your guide. Next, visit the Rose and Red Valley to see hidden rock-cut churches and unique rock formations. These valleys are isolated behind Urgup and full of little villages, fruit gardens and vineyards, tied together by a charming set of trails. Make your way to one of the oldest villages in the area, Çavuşin, famous for its cave houses that stretch out like a maze of ruins carved in rock. See the Church of John the Baptist, the biggest cave church in all of Cappadocia, dating back to the 5th century. Then, follow your guide to the Underground City. Built by Christians in Middle Ages to escape persecution, it has several levels with an impressive collection of kitchens, wineries, storage areas, and living areas. Unwind over a traditional lunch before continuing the tour. For the final stop, be driven to Love Valley. Look out in awe at its huge rock formations, formed naturally millions of years ago by erosion of volcanic rock. Some of the formations reach 40 meters in height. Admire a surreal landscape consisting of pinnacles, pillars, cones, and fairy chimneys.

Cappadocia Sunset and Night Tour with Dinner

5. Cappadocia Sunset and Night Tour with Dinner

Discover Cappadocia by experiencing its beauty and charm at night. Follow in the footsteps of your guide in a 4-5 hour private tour that features the main attractions of the city that glow in the evening light. As the day winds down, set out for Kızılçukur Valley to witness the magnificent sunset. See some of the city's most iconic sights, including Goreme, Ortahisar, and Ürgüp to gaze over the stunning landscape. Next, stop at a local restaurant and enjoy a delicious dinner. Finish your tour with visits to the towns of Avanos and Çavuşin. Tour spots: Kızılçukur Valley Sunset point Ortahisar Panoroma Ürgüp Panoroma and Fairy Chimneys Avanos city tour Uchisar Castle Göreme Panoroma Dinner

Underground City and Ihlara Valley Tour

6. Underground City and Ihlara Valley Tour

Benefit from pick-up at your hotel and get a panoramic view of Göreme en route to Derinkuyu Underground City. Marvel at the subterranean city, used by the Romans to shelter against invasions by the Arabs. Get explanations about the area's deepest underground city before moving on to the Ihlara Canyon, formed by volcanic activity from Mount Hasan and erosion by the Melendiz River. Learn how early Christians carved churches from the rock on a 3.5-kilometer hike through the Ihlara Valley, and pause for lunch at a riverside restaurant. Next, visit the rock-carved Selime Monastery and learn about monastic life in Cappadocia. Continue to Pigeon Valley to learn how the locals have used pigeon eggs and droppings for different purposes and why they carved pigeon houses on the slopes of the valley. End with a visit to an onyx factory in Uçhisar and watch a demonstration about how volcanic stone is shaped by a master craftsman.

Cappadocia: Hot Air Balloon Flight and Göreme Museum Tour

7. Cappadocia: Hot Air Balloon Flight and Göreme Museum Tour

Gilde over Cappadocia on a hot air balloon flight and watch the sunrise over the incredible landscapes and fairy chimneys. Have a traditional lunch and explore the cave churches of Göreme. Be picked up at your hotel before sunrise, and journey to the launch site of your hot air balloon flight. Watch the sunrise over Cappadocia as you glide over settlements depending on the conditions. Float back to the ground for a post-flight celebration and collect your flight certificate. Then, marvel at the rock formations of the Devrent Valley before going to Monks Valley (Pashabagi), where the hermits built their cave dwellings and churches. Try your hand at pottery in Avanos and watch the potters at work using a technique that has remained unchanged for generations. Enjoy lunch at a local restaurant, and explore the cave churches of Göreme Open Air Museum. Marvel at the Byzantine wall paintings depicting biblical scenes, and get a panoramic view of the valley and its fairy chimneys before visiting Uchisar Castle at the region's highest point.

Cappadocia Highlights: Private Full-Day Tour with Lunch

8. Cappadocia Highlights: Private Full-Day Tour with Lunch

Begin the day with a pick-up from your hotel and head over to the incredible Goreme Valley. Resembling a vast monastic complex composed of scores of refectory monasteries placed side-by-side, each with its own fantastic church, Goreme is understandably the star attraction of any visit to the region. Continue the tour to Devrent Valley, also known as Imaginary Valley or Pink Valley, this area does not have cave churches like the other valleys of Cappadocia. Next, make your way to Uchisar for a walk through the beautiful valley, often called Valley of the Pigeon Lofts due to the thousands of pigeon houses carved into the soft tufa since ancient times. Enjoy the magnificent panorama of the surrounding land at Mount Erciyes in the distance from the Uchisar Castle and then continue the tour to Pasabag. Pasabag, meaning general's vineyard, is located on the road to Zelve and filled with remarkable earth pillars and mushroom-shaped fairy chimneys. There are plenty of opportunities for shopping for the duration of the tour. Buy local products at the Carpet Handicraft Center and Cappadocia Stone Shop as well as ceramic, pottery, and other textiles.

South Cappadocia: Guided Day Tour with Lunch

9. South Cappadocia: Guided Day Tour with Lunch

Discover some of the most impressive scenery of the Cappadocia region on an all-day guided tour. See fairy chimneys and unique rock formations. Get picked up from your hotel and head to Goreme Panorama. Take in wonderful views of the town’s spectacular cave houses. Hike through the beautiful Red and Rose Valley. Pass by fairy chimneys, local farms, and cave chapels. Learn interesting facts about the surrounding nature and history of the area from your guide. Stop off briefly at the old Greek village of Cavusin. Try traditional Turkish food during lunch in Avanos. Next, visit the impressive Kaymakli Underground City, which was used by early Christians as a shelter from enemies. Take in the terrific views of Pigeon Valley and learn about the carved pigeon houses. Make a final stop at the Onyx factory and hear about the semi-precious volcanic stones of Turkey.

Cappadocia: Small-Group Guided Tour

10. Cappadocia: Small-Group Guided Tour

The driver and the guide will pick you up from your hotel in the morning. Then you can decide with them what to visit. Cappadocia's most famous attraction, for good reason, is the Göreme Open Air Museum, a complex of medieval painted cave churches carved out by Orthodox monks. There are over 10 cave churches in the Göreme Open Air Museum. Along with rectories, dwellings, and a religious school, they form a large monastic complex carved out of a roughly ring-shaped rock formation in the otherworldly landscape of Cappadocia. Old Cavusin, with its rock-cut dwellings and stone houses, had several hermitages. The two most important churches in Cavusin are the Great Basilica dedicated to St. John the Baptist and Cavusin Church or the 'Great Pigeon House'. The old city of Avanos, whose name in ancient times was Venessa, overlooks the longest river in Turkey, the Kızılırmak (Red River). The ceramic trade in this district and its countless pottery factories date back to the Hittites, and the ceramic clay from the red silt of the Kızılırmak has always been used locally. Watch the potters at work using the kick wheel, using a technique that has not changed for generations. Pasabag, the remarkable earth pillars, can also be seen here, in the middle of a vineyard - hence the name of the place which means: the Pasha’s vineyard. Also known as Imaginary Valley or Pink Valley, this area does not have cave churches like the other valleys of Cappadocia. The small fairy chimneys in the valley form a lunar landscape, or moonscape, by their strange appearance. The valley has many animal-shaped rocks. Some of the most commonly seen shapes include camel, snake, seals, and dolphins.

Frequently asked questions about Goreme National Park Culture & History

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What people are saying about Goreme National Park

Overall rating

4.7 / 5

based on 216 reviews

We had the best guide ever :) He was super friendly and explained a lot :). He has incredible knowledge. The tour can only be recommended to everyone, because with Yulic you are in the best hands. We had a lot of fun and many funny and informative moments. Thumbs up :) ☺️

100% recommended to get to know the Capadocia highlights. Zeki instructed us wisely about every place and organized the itinerary in a way we could avoid peak times at key locations

Our Spanish tour guide was excellent comunicación ability, experience and well known all the aspects of the history an excellent humor, I will recommend always.

The tour guide was pleasant and knowledgeable. It was right mix of guiding us and then allowing us to explore by ourselves.

Serkan was great tour guide, fun and informative. Enjoyed the sites alot